Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 2 No. 1

Trend of Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Okene

H.O. Ajoge¹*, A.A. Ahmad¹ and O.S. Olonitola¹

¹Department of Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. *Molecular Biology and Genetics Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Adv. Sci. Research Jakkur (PO) Bangalore - 560 064, India.

Received on 11 January 2008 and accepted on 09 March 2008

 

ABSTRACT

In a cross-sectional study undertaken to determine the relative spread of human immunodeficiency virus type I and II (HIV-1 and HIV-2) among pregnant women resident in Okene, Kogi state, Nigeria, it was discovered that HIV-1 is more prevalent: 2.83% for HIV-1 and none for HIV-2. The study population was randomly drawn from women attending antenatal clinics in Okene General Hospital. Blood specimens and personal data were obtained from one hundred and six women attending the clinics. The implication of this is that, at this prevalence of 2.83% between 89 to above 267 HIV positive infants are born in Okene per annum.  The distribution across age showed that HIV-1 spread is higher among the age group 20-29 years olds. This study has for the very first time, showed that HIV exist in Okene, and is the second time (over a time period of eleven years) that any study on HIV will ever be carried out in Okene. It thus provides a base line for further studies (including surveillance and interventions) on HIV spread in Okene.   

Keywords : AIDS, antenatal, pregnancy, seroprevalence, women.