Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. Special Edition Nov. 2015

Effect of Mulching and Organic Sources on Growth Parameters and Yield of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) Crop under Rainfed Area of Vindhyan Region, India

S.K. Maurya, Ramawatar Meena*, R.N. Meena1, R.K. Meena, Balu Ram, M.K. Verma and Avinash Rai

Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005, India. 1Department of Agronomy, I.Ag.Sc., BHU, Varanasi, India.

Received on 06 August 2015 and accepted on 11 October 2015

 

ABSTRACT

Mulching is one of the important agronomic practices in conserving the soil moisture and modifying the soil physical environment. A field experiment was conducted under rainfed conditions at Agronomy farm of Rajiv Gandhi South Campus, Brakachha (BHU) Mirzapur which is situated in Vindhyan region of district Mirzapur (25? 10? latitude, 82? 37? longitude and altitude of 427 meters above mean sea level) to find out the effect of organic manure and mulching on growth and yield of pearl millet crop. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with 10 different treatments. Though all the mulch treatments improved plant height, no. of tillers plant-1 and dry matter accumulation, yield attributes viz; ear length, ear diameter and test weight, grain yield, straw yield and harvest index at different stages (20,40,60 DAS and at harvest) of pearl millet. However, treatment Legume straw mulching + FYM + Vermicompost was found to be superior in all growth parameter and yield of pear millet followed by treatment Water hyacinth mulch + FYM +Vermicompost.

Keywords : Mulching, Organic sources, Growth parameters, Pearl millet, Rainfed, yield.