Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 8 No. Special Edition Nov. 2014

Biodiversity of Endophytic Mycoflora from Lannea coromandelica

N. Premjanu* and C. Jayanthy

Department of Bioinformatics, Sathyabama University, Chennai - 600119, India.

Received on 06 September 2014 and accepted on 13 October 2014

 

ABSTRACT

In recent years endophytic fungi from plants have gained tremendous importance with emerging evidence of their high biotechnological potential for their valuable source of useful metabolites. In the present study an attempt has been made to isolate endophytes associated with leaves and bark of Lannea coromandelica(Houtt.) Merr (Anacardiaceae).Five hundred bark and leaf segments were analysed and a total of 586 isolates representing 20 taxa, with a colonization rate of 59.6% were isolated. A total of 586 isolates belonging to 20 taxa comprising 5.70% Ascomycetes, 5.20% Zygomycetes, 18.45% Coelomycetes, 67.78% Hypomycetes, 2.85% sterile mycelia were obtained. Species of, Aspergillus, Alternaria,and Colletotrichum were isolated as dominant endophytes. Colonization frequency of Aspergillus flavus(21.64 %) was highest which was isolated from all the tissues.

Keywords : Lannea coromandelica ,endophytic fungi , diversity.