Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 8 No. 2

Dynamics of Bacteriophages as a Promising Antibiofilm Agents

Azizian Reza1,2, Azizi Jalilian Farid3*, Sekawi Zamberi4, Razieh Amini5, Karimi Sajedeh2, Nasser Ahmad1.2, Askari Hassan1,2, Sadeghifard Norkhoda2, Taherikalani Morovat2 and Pakzad Iraj2

1Student Research Committee, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, 69391 IUMS, Ilam, Iran. 2Department of Medical Microbiology,Faculty of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, 69391 IUMS, Ilam, Iran. 3Research Center of Clinical Microbiology, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, 69391 IUMS, Ilam,Iran. 4Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences,Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang,Selangor, Malaysia. 5Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Hamdan Branch, Hamadan, Iran.

Received on 13 April 2013 and accepted on 06 June 2013

 

ABSTRACT

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an ubiquitous organism which has emerged as a major threat in the hospital environment. Overuse of antibiotics has also significantly increased the emergence of antimicrobial multiresistant bacteria. P. aeruginosa has an innate ability to adhere to surfaces and form virulent biofilms. Bacteriophage might represent one attractive solution to this problem. In this study, P.aeruginosa phage were utilized to Biofilm inhibition and remove.Sample collected from University sewage. Isolation was done according to Martha.R.J.Clokie protocol. Serial dilution prepared, then equally incubated with bacteria to investigate Biofilm inhibition potential. Biofilm formed base on Microplate Biofilm Assay. The effect of isolated phage investigated on biofilm remove of Pseudomonas putida, E.coli and Acinetobacter baumanii. P.aeruginosa biofilm had OD: 1.688 in 492n.m. Pure phage, 10-2 and 10-3 diluted phage decreased OD to 1.587, 1.341 and 1.461, respectively. Isolated phage dramatically decline OD of Biofilm of all strains.Phages have various affinity to attach to hosts, thereby it is supposed to phages compete for their receptors. Therefore it is supposed phages have most efficiency in optimum concentration to remove biofilm or growth inhibition.

Keywords : Bacteriophage, Biofilm, Planktonic, Biofilm remove and Biofilm inhibition.