Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 7 No. 4

Inactivation of Bacillus subtilis by a Pulsed Magnetic Field and Kinetics Model

Jing-ya Qian1,3, Hai-le Ma1,3*, Shu-jun Li1,2, Feng-jie Cui1 and Wen-juan Qu1,3

1School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, 212013 Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China. 2Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences, 10083 Beijing, China. 3Key Lab of Agri-Products Physics Processing, 212013 Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China.

Received on 23 September 2013 and accepted on 06 November 2013

 

ABSTRACT

The pulsed magnetic field (PMF) is a non-thermal method for inactivating microorganisms at lower temperatures and preserving the food sensory and nutritional qualities. In the present study, inactivation performances of Bacillus subtilis with the various pulsed magnetic field (PMF) intensities and pulses were well investigated. Results showed that the B. subtilis survival rate generally decreased with the increasing intensity (>1.5T) and pulse numbers (>15) and a minimum survival rate of 33.87% was obtained at an intensity of 3.3 T and pulse number of 30. However, lower intensity (?1.5T) and PMF pulse numbers (?15) enhanced the B.subtilis growth. By comparing the determination coefficients (r2), bias factors (Bf), accuracy factors (Af) and root mean square errors (RMSE), the Weibull distribution model with the highest r2 and the lowest RMSE was selected as the optimal kinetic model to describe the PMF inactivation process. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) observations indicated that PMF inactivated the B. subtilis cells by deformating the cell surface and damaging the cellular membrane. These findings for the first time present the kinetic model and the cell death mechanism during the PMF inactivation process, and will provide a useful reference for further PMF sterilization application.

Keywords : Pulsed magnetic field (PMF); Bacillus subtilis; Inactivation; Kinetics model; SEM.