Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 7 No. 1

Mycotoxin-producing Penicillium species Involved in Apple Blue Mold

Mohamed A. Moslem1, Mohamed A. Yassin1,2*, Abd El-Rahim M.A. El-Samawaty1,2, Shaban R.M. Sayed3 and Osama E. Amer1

1Department of Botany and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 2Agricultural Research Center, Plant Pathology Research Institute, Giza, Egypt. 3Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Received on 06 uly 2012 and accepted on 25 September 2012

 

ABSTRACT

Mycotoxin production and pathogenicity of Penicillium spp. involved in apple blue mold were investigated. Twenty four isolates representing nine species recovered from blue moldy apple samples were used. Mycotoxin production of these isolates was assayed using HPLC. Statistical analysis of pathogenicity test was undertaken and LSD was used to compare means. Mycotoxin assay revealed that all isolates were capable of producing patulin in their culture media with the highest production (19.70 ppm) from Penicillium griseofulvum isolate No. 14. In respect of other mycotoxins, Penicillium puberulum isolate No. 17 was the highest producer of citrinin (21.63 ppm), while Penicillium verrucosum isolate No. 22 was the highest producer of penicillic acid (8 ppm). Pathogenicity test revealed that all Penicillium isolates were pathogenic, exhibiting variable disease severity toward infested apple fruits. This study showed that all tested Penicillium isolates were virulent for apple fruits and in vitro toxigenic, capable of producing patulin, the characteristic mycotoxin of Penicillium species.

Keywords : Apples, Penicillium, HPLC, Mycotoxins.