ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Mohd Hasmizam Razali , Nur Arifah Ismail and Khairul Anuar Mat Amin
School of Fundamental Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu,Terengganu Darul Iman, Malaysia.
J. Pure Appl. Microbiol., 2019, 13 (4): 1909-1916 | Article Number: 5729 | © The Author(s). 2019
Received: 21/07/2019 | Accepted: 10/09/2019 | Published: 30/12/2019

The aim of this work was to develop bionanocomposite films based biopolymer GG and TiO2-NRs for active food packaging. The TiO2-NRs were incorporated as antimicrobials agent into GG via solvent casting method. The films appearance was have 94 % of transparency. SEM micrographs indicate that the TiO2-NRs were successfully incorporated and attached to the surface of developed GG films. FTIR results revealed the interaction between TiO2-NRs and hydroxyl group of GG polymer. XRD results showed the crystalline peaks of TiO2-NRs and amorphous peaks of GG+TiO2-NRs films. The thermal stability of GG films were increasing by incorporation of TiO2-NRs materials. The GG+TiO2-NRs films showed good antibacterial activity against Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Streptococcus (strep.)) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa)) and potentially used as antibacterial packaging films.


gellan gum, TiO2-NRs, films, antibacterial.

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© The Author(s) 2019. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.