ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Review Article | Open Access
Diptimayee Acharya1,2, Puspanjali Parida2, Himansu Sekhara Mohapatra3, Santi Lata Sahoo4 and Jyoti Ranjan Rout5
1Department of Zoology, Sri Sri Bayababa College, Mahakalpara, Kendrapara, Odisha, India.
2Department of Zoology, Maharaja Sriram Chandra Bhanja Deo University, Baripada, Odisha, India.
3Department of Botany, Kendrapara Autonomous College, Kendrapara, Odisha, India.
4Department of Botany, Utkal University, Vani Vihar, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
5School of Biological Sciences, AIPH University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
Article Number: 7701 | © The Author(s). 2022
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(4):2259-2269. https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.16.4.26
Received: 22 March 2022 | Accepted: 03 September 2022 | Published online: 27 October 2022
Issue online: December 2022
Abstract

Mastitis is a highly frequent chronic ailment with inflammation in the udder of the milking cows. The causative agents are mostly microbes. It is economically prominent contamination of lactating cows resulting in reduced milk production. The disease is diagnosed by chemical, physical and nutritional changes in the milk and pathological changes in the milk glands. Prevention measures for the disease can be taken by proper and timely sanitation of the cowshed through and time again disinfection of the teat, mechanized milking process, etc. The application of bactericidal drugs generates resistant varieties of microbes that cross the allopathic boundary. In this regard, an attempt is taken to focus the plant-based pharmacopoeia. Medicinal plants are traditionally used to cure various diseases as they are comparatively accessible to administer orally in different forms and can be along with fodder. Keeping the above facts in view, the present review deals with different types of mastitis, causative pathogens, detection and diagnosis, and effective plant-based treatment process available to date.

Keywords

Bovine Mastitis, Causative Agents, Lactating Cows, Medicinal Plants

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