The production of weak organic acids by microorganisms has been attributed as the prime reason for the solubilization of insoluble phosphates under both in vitro and soil conditions. Literature seems to be heavily biased towards gluconic acid production by microbes and its subsequent release into the environment as the key factor responsible for phosphate solubilization. This has found credibility since gluconic acid being a product of the Kreb’s cycle is often detected in large quantities in the culture media, when assayed under in vitro conditions. In the present work, the organic acid profiles of four elite phosphate solubilising isolates were determined in the presence of different insoluble sources of phosphates, under in vitro buffered culture conditions by HPLC (High-Performance Liquid Chromatography). While most previous studies did not use a buffered culture media for elucidating the organic acid profile of phosphate solubilizing bacterial isolates, we used a buffered media for estimation of the organic acid profiles. The results revealed that apart from gluconic acid, malic acid is produced in significant levels by phosphate solubilizing bacterial isolates, and there seems to be a differential pattern of production of these two organic acids by the isolates in the presence of different insoluble phosphate sources.
Phosphate Solubilising Bacteria, Organic Acids, Malic acid, Gluconic acid
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