ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Lilis Suryani1,2 , Henny Pramoedyo3, Sudarto4 and Sri Andarini5
1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
2Department of Environmental and Development Studies, Graduate School of Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia.
3Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia.
4Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia.
5Faculty of Medicine, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia.
J. Pure Appl. Microbiol., 2016, 10 (1): 11-16
© The Author(s). 2016
Received: 19/11/2015 | Accepted: 14/01/2016 | Published: 31/03/2016
Abstract

Yogyakarta is one of the big cities in Indonesia. This city is passed by three rivers that flood annually. This flood emerges disease such as leptospirosis. This disease is spread through Leptospira-contaminated water from the infected urine animals. This study was conducted to know the spread pattern and risk factors leptospirosis in Yogyakarta from 2011 to 2013. The data cases were come from the medical record review of hospital in Yogyakarta. An interviewe was held to determine odd ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals and computed in order to know the association between potential risk factors using bivariate analysis. The spatial spread leptospirosis was analyzed by spatial auto correlation Moran index and Average Nearest Neighbour. The result showed that the patterns of spread leptospirosis cases in Yogyakarta city was clustered. The were six risk factors leptospirosis included puddle (OR = 3.667 , 95 % CI = 1.238 – 10.863 ), sewers watery (OR = 3 , 95 % CI = 1.385 – 6.499 ) , and flood history (OR = 2.688 , 95 % CI = 1.226 – 5.895 ), midden (OR = 4.75, 95%CI 1.266 – 17.819), occupational (OR = 2.625, 95%CI = 1.21 – 5.691) and skin lessions (OR=4.2, 95%CI 1.93 – 91.41).

Keywords

Flood history, Leptospirosis, Skin lessions, Sewers watery.

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© The Author(s) 2016. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.