ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

T.O. Femi-Ola and E.M. Odukoya
Department of Microbiology, University of Ado- Ekiti, P.M.B. 5363, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2008;2(1):125-130
© The Author(s). 2008
Received: 20/02/2008 | Accepted: 03/04/2008 | Published: 30/04/2008

Studies were conducted on the proximate, mineral and phytochemical constituent of Brachystegia eurycoma (Harms) wood extracts. The termicidal and antifungal properties of aqueous and ethanol extract were determined. The survival of Amitermes evuncifer Silvestri on wood shavings of B. eurycoma for seven days was also investigated. The growth of Fomes heterobasidium, Polyporus coridus and Daedalea daedaleopsis was inhibited by the extracts. The test for the termicidal effect of B.eurycoma revealed that ethanol extract was more active. Survival rate of termites on B.eurycoma was 0% after the end of a seven day no-choice food experiment, while the consumption rate of the wood was 0.3%. Phytochemical studies of the wood sample revealed the presence of oxalate (12.83 ± 0.08mg/100g), hydrocyanic acid (22.62± ± 0.08 mg / 100g), tannin (8.10 ±0.89mg/100g) and phytic acid (3.01± 0.00mg/100g). Magnesium had the highest value of 875.0± 0.01 ppm while lead had the lowest value of 1.67± 0.01 ppm. Cobalt was not detected.


Brachystegia eurycoma, fungi, termite, survival

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© The Author(s) 2008. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.