Chickpea or Gram (Cicer arietinum L. Family: Leguminosae) is the premier legume grown in the Indian subcontinent, covering a very large area under cultivation as a rabi crop. Chickpea crop cultivation is prone to various diseases chiefly wilt complex due to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri and Sclerotium rolfsii which is mainly soil and seed borne in nature. In vitro application of T. viride, T. harzianum and T. virens conidial suspension to chickpea seeds gave significant results with high plumule length upto 13.3, 12.7 and 12.4 cm and radical length upto 6.4, 5.8 and 5.3 cm, respectively. The seedling emergence and vigour index were significantly high in all treatments compared to pathogen check. Among the treatments, seed biopriming application of T. viride along with soil application of FYM enriched T. viride @ 100g/m2 resulted in better seedling emergence (97.0%) and highest vigour index (3496.0), followed by seed biopriming application of T. viride alone with seedling emergence (96.0%) and high vigour index (3235.2).
Chickpea, Trichoderma spp., Biopriming, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri, Sclerotium rolfsii and Management.
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