ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Mohammed A. Al-Muwayhi1, Abdulaziz A. Al Sahli2, Abdullah R. Doaigey2, Mohammed O. Basalah2, Hayssam M. Ali2 , Mohamed E. El-Zaidy2 and Ahmed M. Sakran2
1Department of Biology, Faculty of Education, Shaqra University, P.O Box 33, Shaqra, 11961, Shaqra, Saudi Arabia.
2Botany and Microbiology Department, College of Science, King Saud University,
P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2014;8(1):783-792
© The Author(s). 2014
Received: 17/09/2013 | Accepted: 30/12/2013 | Published: 28/02/2014
Abstract

The measuring values of growth parameters of Solanum melongena were highly affected by the different stresses of O3. The plant height was highly significant affected (P<0.0001) by ascorbic acid (AA) (32.66±8.08 cm/plant) followed by the control treatment (29.00±5.19 cm/plant) and the lowest highest was found by the plants grown in the second power plant (SPP II) (12.00±2.00 cm/plant). Moreover, the growth parameters were positively highly affected P< 0.001) by treatment of AA. The introducing of AA with the plants grown in the second industrial city (SIC II) which has an O3 with a concentration of 136.66 pbb, didn’t significantly enhanced the growth parameters. The growing plants planted in SPP II (exposed to approximately 92 ppb) and enhanced by introducing of AA (SPP II+AA), exhibited the higher amounts of Chl a (27.45± 1.03mg g-1 FW), Chl b (10.43±1.05 mg g-1 FW), T Chl (47.35±3.41 mg g-1 FW) and Caro (9.46±1.35 mg g-1 FW). On the other hand, the Pro content was affected by SIC II (8.69±0.61 g/100 g-1 Fw), SIC II+AA (8.07±0.27 g/100 g-1 Fw) and SPP II (8.92±2.08 g/100 g-1 Fw). The different parameters of anatomical features or stomatal parameters and vessels diameters of S. melongena grown in the locations with high level of O3 in comparisons with the control plants were significantly affected (P<0.0001).

Keywords

Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), Ascorbic acid, Ozone, Anatomical, Biochemical, Physiological, air pollution

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