ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Parveen Jamal1,2 Olorunnisola K. Saheed1 Md. Zahagir Alam1 Suleyman Aremu Muyibi1 and M. Ismail Abdul Karim1
1Bioenvironmental Engineering Research Centre (BERC),Department of Biotechnology
Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, P.O. Box 10, 50728, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
2International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART), International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2014;8(Spl. Edn. 1):777-782
© The Author(s). 2014
Received: 08/01/2014 | Accepted: 24/03/2014 | Published: 31/05/2014

In order to measure the suitability of microbes and substrate composites for animal feed supplements, submerged state bioconversion (SmB)was performed. Chemical analysis of all selected substrates showed high fermentable sugar which can support microbial growth. Selected microbes Phanerochaetechrysosporium (P. chrysosporium), Panustigrinus(M6) and RO2 were grown on sole liquid and solid substrates and their respective composites. Protein content of substrate increased over 127 times on sole liquid substrates and 216 times on solid.Additively, all selected strain showed improved protein synthesis on solid sole substrate with RO2 leading with 49.23 mg/g. Protein content of biomass increased in composite substrates with P. chrysosporium synthesizing its highest protein (18.59 mg/g) on solid mixture of all selected substrate whereas banana peel and pineapple peel composite (BpPin) was best for M6 (22.97 mg/g) and RO2 (26.34 mg/g) respectively.


Papaya, Animal feed, Bioconversion, Microbes, Composites

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© The Author(s) 2014. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.