ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Hanaa Daaj Khalaf Al-Mozan1* and Khalid Majeed Dakhil2
1Biology Department, Science college, University of Thi-Qar, Iraq.
2Technical Institute in Nassiriyah, Iraq.
J Pure Appl Microbiol, 2019, 13 (2): 1103-1110 | Article Number: 5553
Received: 03/03/2019 | Accepted: 04/05/2019 | Published: 27/06/2019
Abstract

To detect parasitic contamination of fresh vegetables and to know the extent of relationship between the prevalence of parasites on vegetables and its infection rate in the hospitals and the extent of  vinegar effect (5% Acetic acid) to kill the parasites, (128) samples of six different fresh vegetable types such as Garden Cress,  Leek, Radish, Lettuce, Celery and Basil. And (30) additional samples from Leek  were collected from local markets of two cities in Thi-Qar province. Sedimentation technique was used for samples examination. Giardia lamblia with (71.1 %) was the dominant parasite of protozoa and Ascaris lumbricoides (15.6%) was the common parasite of helminthes therefore the significant differences were found by using the statistical analysis (T- test) in level P< 0.05.  One hundred and thirteen (113) samples were contaminated with parasites, Leek and Basil with rate (100%) were full contamination with parasites while Lettuce (70%) was the lower. The direct relationship wasn’t found between percentage of parasites contamination for fresh vegetables in sale markets and percentage of  intestinal parasitic infections in hospitals that near of its. There was relationship between the higher rate of prevalence G. lamblia and  E. histolytica on fresh vegetables and infection of these parasites in the hospitals. No significant differences between rate of infection for male and rate of infection for female by using (T- test) in level P< 0.05. There were some parasites such as Diphyllobotherium latumSchistosoma japonicum, Heterophyes heterophyes  that are rarely  or not found in Iraq were isolated from contaminated samples and this indicates to irrigation it by water contaminated with sewage or fertilization it with faces of foreign people that coming to work in Iraq and biodiversity upset and occurrence of new species did not exist in Iraq at the expense of other types. There was positive effect for vinegar (5% Acetic acid) to kill the most parasites except cysts of  G. lamblia and ova of E. vermicularis.

Keywords

Intestinal parasitic, Schistomiasis, Contaminated vegetables, Diphyllobotherium latum.

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© The Author(s) 2019. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.