ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access

Hussein O. M.  Al-Dahmoshi1 , Hussein W. S. Rabeea2, Ali Saleem Abdulridha Aridhee3, Noor S. K. Al-Khafaji1, Mohammed H. Al-Allak1, Anwar M. Lazm4 and Mohammed Sh. Jebur5

1Biology Department, College of Science, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq.
2College of Medicine, Jabir Ibn Hayyan Medical University, Kufa, Najaf, Iraq.
3Pharmacy Department, Imam Hassan College for Medical Science, Iraq.
4Department of Biology, Al-Farabi University College, Baghdad, Iraq.
5College of Health and Medical Technology, Middle Technical University, Baghdad, Iraq.
J Pure Appl Microbiol, 2019, 13 (1): 531-536 | Article Number: 5350
Received:29/10/2018| Accepted: 15/12/2018 |Published: 07/03/2019

Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci(VRE) were common among Enterococcus. faecalis and Enterococcus faecium. Teicoplanin resistance or sensitivity can determine the  VRE phenotypes whether  VanA (VanR/TecR) or VanB (VanR/TecS). Linezolid resistance among VRE regards an newly emerged health problem. Infection with LRVRE or TRLRVRE pushan hazardous alert for hard to heal illness. Twenty eight Enterococcus spp. isolates were recovered from children diarrhea after their inoculation on m-EI chromogenic agar. Antibiotics susceptibility and phenotypic detection of antibiotics resistance were performed according to CLSI 2016. The results revealed 92.86% resistance to rifampin, 85.71% to erythromycin. VRE were 46.42%, TRE were 25% and LRE were 35.71% while co-existed resistance for Vancomycin/Teicoplanin/Linezolid(TRLRVRE) were detected 25% in. concern antibiotics resistant patterns, the MDR compile (85.7%) while XDR compile (10.7%) and there is no PDR among Enterococcus. spp. isolates were PDR. The presentstudy  conclude that VanA and VanB phenotypes were common among MDR and XDR and although there is no using of linezolid but the emergence of TRLRVRE isolates were stated.


Enterococcus spp., VRE, MDR, XDR, LRVRE, TRLRVRE.

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