ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Nur F. Ismail, Mohammed S. Jami , Mutiu K. Amosa and Suleyman A. Muyibi
Bioenvironmental Engineering Research Center (BERC), Department of Biotechnology
Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia,
50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2014;8(Spl. Edn. 1):809-814
© The Author(s). 2014
Received: 08/01/2014 | Accepted: 24/03/2014 | Published: 31/05/2014
Abstract

The ammonical nitrogen removal in discharged effluents from a typical sewerage treatment plant has not been consistent with the stringent discharge standards. There is the need to optimize the energy consumption as well as improve the ammonical nitrogen removal in the treatment plant. This study reports the investigation of the behaviour of process dynamicity of ammoniacal-nitrogen (NH3-N) removal in a Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) through Activated Sludge Model No.1 (ASM1) and standard SBR design computation for optimal aeration time, while meeting the treatment requirements. The study further evaluates the performance of NH3-N removal based on the data obtained from an existing SBR system. The time profile of process dynamics and the minimum required aeration time with maximum nitrogen removal was studied while taking into account the system’s energy consumption. Moreover, the simulation results by MATLAB Software suggested that the process dynamicity of the carbon and NH3-N concentration is 7 hour batch time with one fill and 1.5 hours aeration time. For computation of SBR standard design, the reduction from current 1.5 hours to 1.35 hours of aeration for 80% to 93% of NH3-N removal brought about the total energy saving of up to 10 percent.

Keywords

Simulation, Sequential batch reactor, Aeration time, Energy, Ammoniacal-nitrogen, ASM1

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© The Author(s) 2014. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.