ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

S. Saravanan , K. M. Palanivel, M. Geetha and R. Rishikesavan
1Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal – 637 002, India.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2014;8(3):2501-2503
© The Author(s). 2014
Received: 25/05/2013 | Accepted: 12/08/2013 | Published: 31/06/2014
Abstract

Human leptospirosis, an anthropozoonoses,  in India is still being underreported though it has gained extreme public health importance, because of huge livestock and rodent populations and poor sanitary conditions. From 2008 to 2012, about 1730 serum samples from  human cases with pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) from various hospitals in Namakkal district of Tamil Nadu, India  were screened by dark ground microscopy (DGM). A positivity of 51.7 % was observed and 85 % of the positive cases manifested a milder anicteric leptospirosis. High positivity was observed in truck drivers (65.8%), age group of <20 years (55.4%), males (54.0%) and north-east monsoon (53.2%), and from the calculated relative risk (RR), a strong positive association could be observed for truck drivers and males with the occurrence of leptospirosis. A prompt epidemiological investigation in susceptible animal population along with an unequivocal diagnosis of positives in humans exposed to the risk factors, in association with the periodical vaccination of susceptible animals and control of rodents, could possibly halt the emergence of the disease.

Keywords

Leptospirosis, Humans, DGM, Occurrence, Relative risk

Article Metrics

Article View: 1109

Share This Article

© The Author(s) 2014. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.