ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Nazish Fatima , Abida Malik, Neha Ballani and Samia Kirmani
Department of Microbiology, JNMCH, AMU, Aligarh, India.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2012;6(Spl. Edn.: October):99-104
© The Author(s). 2012
Received: 04/03/2012 | Accepted: 10/06/2012 | Published: 31/10/2012
Abstract

An estimated 13 million cases occur annually in Asia alone and the morbidity and mortality attributable to enteric fever in India still remains enormous. A 2 year retrospective study was done at Microbiology Department, JNMCH, AMU to study the prevalence of enteric fever. The baseline titers were also recorded. Results of Widal test on 7325 serum samples showed significant titers in 704 (10.4%) samples:  662 (94.3%) to
S. typhi
– TO & TH, 32 to S. paratyphi A (4.8%), and 10 for S.paratyphi B(1.5%). Prevalence of Enteric fever in Aligarh based on results of Widal test was found to be 10.4% stressing it’s correlation with poor sanitary conditions. Pediatric age group was most affected with no significant sex predilection. Endemicity of enteric fever in Aligarh was also established by Widal test. These findings are of importance in therapeutic decision making and implementing health measures for disease control.

Keywords

Enteric fever, Salmonella Typhi and Paratyphi, Widal, endemicity

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© The Author(s) 2012. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.