ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Review Article | Open Access

Sandip Kumar Khurana1, Ruchi Tiwari2, Khan Sharun3, Mohd. Iqbal Yatoo4, Mudasir Bashir Gugjoo5 and Kuldeep Dhama6

1ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Hisar – 125 001, Haryana, India.
2Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Sciences, Deen Dayal Upadhayay Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidyalay Evum Go-Anusandhan Sansthan (DUVASU), Mathura, India – 281 001, India.
3Division of Surgery, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly – 243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India.
4Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar – 190 025 Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
5Division of Veterinary Clinical Complex, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar – 190 025 Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India – 190 006.
6Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly – 243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India.
J. Pure Appl. Microbiol., 2019, 13 (4): 1995-2012 | Article Number: 5909
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.13.4.11 | © The Author(s). 2019
Received: 18/09/2019 | Accepted: 22/10/2019 | Published: 03/12/2019
Abstract

Emblica officinalis Gaertn. or Phyllanthus emblica Linn., popularly called as Indian gooseberry or Amla, is among main herbal plant in Indian traditional medicine. Different parts of E. officinalis are beneficial for curing various ailments but the fruits especially show tremendous pharmacological and medicinal applications. Phytochemical analysis revealed important bioactive chemical compounds such as tannins, alkaloids, polyphenols, gallic acid, ellagic acid, emblicanin A and B, phyllembein, quercetin, ascorbic acids, vitamins and minerals. Different extracts of amla possess potent antimicrobial activities to counter different bacterial pathogens. Amla phytochemicals also possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, immunomodulatory, hypolipedemic, memory enhancing, anticancer, antidiabetic, antidepressant, anti-ulcerogenic, insecticidal, larvicidal, and wound healing activities. All of these well-established activities can have broad applications in managing most of the diseases affecting human and animal patients. It can either replace the conventional therapeutic agents due to its superior efficacy and lack of side effects or can act an adjunct therapeutic agent thereby enhancing the total efficacy of conventional agents. The biogenic synthesis of nanoparticles from E. officinalis is getting popularity due to the low cost factor along with the enhanced antimicrobial activity of the nanoparticles produced. The current review emphasizes on the phytochemical constituents, mechanisms behind the antimicrobial activity and also briefly summarizes other medicinal and therapeutic usefulness of the E. officinalis.

Keywords

Emblica officinalis, Amla, Antimicrobial effects, Phytochemicals, Pharmacological activity, Therapeutic usefulness, Health.

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© The Author(s) 2019. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.