ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Mohamed K. Al-Sadoon1 and Assem Fahim2
1Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud Uni. Saudi Arabia.
2Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Egypt.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2014;8(4):3291-3298
© The Author(s). 2014
Received: 18/02/2014 | Accepted: 21/04/2014 | Published: 31/08/2014

The biological effect  of an acute LD50 dose of the carpet viper,  Echis coloratus crude venom on Liver Total protein, Triglycerides with   alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase, (AST) and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), enzyme activity, Kidney creatinine, total protein concentration and Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)  in the liver, abdominal muscles and cerebrum brain were measured.  The effect of the LD50 dose was monitored over a period of seven days, with time interval of 1,3,6,12,24,72 hours. Regarding tissue enzymes activities tested show fluctuation with time, with tendency to regain normal control level after 12 hours. The 12 to 24 hours seems to be crucial for the process of physiological recovery, in spite of the irreversible damage and tissue distraction. It is concluded that the process of physiological adaptation and recovery from the lethal destructive venom effect seems to stabilized after one week, leaving the animal alive with several biochemical altered metabolism and disturbed physiological profile.


Echis coloratus, LD50, Liver enzymes, Biochemical parameters

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© The Author(s) 2014. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.