ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

A.S. Thounaojam , A.D. Patel, A.Y. Makani, N.N. Chaudhary and D.B. Nakarani
Department of Plant Physiology, Anand Agricultural University, Anand – 388 110, India.
*Assistant Research Scientist, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research Station, ICAR Unit, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat, India.
J. Pure Appl. Microbiol., 2016, 10 (2): 1311-1317
© The Author(s). 2016
Received: 11/02/2016 | Accepted: 12/03/2016 | Published: 30/06/2016
Abstract

Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) is one of the important spice crops currently receiving research attention to increase production and quality. A field experiment was therefore conducted at the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Project, Anand Agricultural University, Anandin 2012-13 and 2013-14 to determine the effect of variety, planting material, plant growth bio-regulant on growth, yield and quality performance of turmeric. Under the main plot treatment consists of two varieties of turmeric, Gujarat navsari Turmeric-1 (V1) and Sughandhum (V2) along with two planting materials like mother (M1) and finger (M2) rhizome of each variety. In sub plot treatments consists of foliar spray of plant growth bio-regulant at 90 days after planting, which included of IBA at two levels (100 and 200 mg l-1), NAA (50 and 100 mg l-1) and KNO3 (2000 and 4000 mg l-1) with control (without spray). The growth, yield and quality contributing parameters were significantly differed during the individual years. The results revealed that mother rhizomes used as a planting material of variety Gujarat Navsari Turmeric-1 with NAA @ 100 mg l-1 had significant effect for plant height, leaf length, leaf width, number of leaves and tillers per plant; yield (t ha-1) as well as higher curcumin content (%) were also observed.

Keywords

Turmeric, Variety, Planting material, IBA, NAA, KNO3, Growth, Yield, Curcumin.

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© The Author(s) 2016. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.