Seromarkers of enterically transmitted hepatitis viruses, namely hepatitis A (HAV) and hepatitis E viruses (HEV) were studied in 79 cases with clinically suspected infectious hepatitis attending a tertiary care hospital, Vani Vilasa hospital, Bangalore. Presence of current HAV and HEV infection was ascertained by demonstration of IgM antibodies. Control group comprised of 20 apparently healthy school going children. None were positive for HAV & HEV IgM antibodies. In 79 cases tested for both HAV & HEV IgM antibodies, a total of HAV antibodies was present in 36 (45.6%), the positive rate of anti HAV IgM antibodies was 16 (53.4%) in the age group of 6 to 10 years. The positive rate of anti-HEV IgM antibodies among the study group is 7 (8.9%), The age specific positivity rate of anti-HEV IgM antibodies was 6 (35.3%) in the age group of more than 10 years followed by 1 (3%) in the age group of 6 to 10 years. The positivity rate of both HAV IgM and HEV IgM antibodies among study group is 3 (3.8%).The occurrence of HAV and HEV positive cases did not show a definite seasonal pattern.
Hepatitis A virus, Hepatitis E virus, Enterically Transmitted Hepatitis
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