HIV constitutes major health problem worldwide. Indicator diseases will help in early diagnosis & management of HIV. Cutaneous diseases are common in patients infected with HIV. In many patients skin is the only organ affected throughout the course of disease. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of different skin diseases in HIV infected patients. Retrospective data of 2 years was collected for the study. In the study out of 623 HIV infected patients, 90 patients with at least one skin manifestation were included. Prevalence of HIV in our institutional data is 2%. 14.45% of all HIV infected patients had at least one skin lesion, especially herpes zoster (33.3%), candidiasis (23.3%). Other skin lesions included like Reiter’s disease, scabies folliculitis, papillary urticaria constituted 34%. No one had Kaposi’s sarcoma and oral hairy leukoplakia. HIV positive patients having skin lesions were found predominantly in male patients of age group 30-40 years. Herpes zoster was found to be the commonest skin infection in HIV infected patients, in contrast to Kaposi’s sarcoma & oral candidiasis which are considered as indicator skin diseases .Based on this study it is recommended that all patients with herpes zoster lesion should also be screened for HIV infection.
HIV, Cutaneous lesions, Herpes zoster
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