ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

A. Priyadarshini1 , L. N. Sarangi, T. K. Palai2, H. K. Panda, R. Mishra and P. C. Behera2
1Department of Microbiology, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, O.U.A.T., Bhubaneswar – 751 003, Odisha, India.
2Department of Biochemistry, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, O.U.A.T., Bhubaneswar – 751 003, Odisha, India.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2013;7(4):3255-3260
© The Author(s). 2013
Received: 25/06/2013 | Accepted: 18/08/2013 | Published: 30/12/2013
Abstract

The current serosurvey was carried to illuminate the status of brucellosis in cattle and high risk human beings of Odisha state, India. Serum samples (n= 346) comprising 258 from cattle and 88 from human beings were obtained and processed through RBPT, STAT, and I-ELISA. 87 milk samples were subjected to MRT. Cattle seropositivity by I-ELISA, RBPT and STAT were found to be 8.14%, 4.26% and 2.32% respectively. Milk sample analysis showed 3.44% positivity in MRT. Bull showed higher prevalence than female. In case of human beings the value obtained were 5.68% and 3.41% in RBPT and STAT respectively. The prevalence among veterinary officers, farmers, animal handlers, slaughter house workers and from patients with Pyrexia of Unknown Origin was 0.00, 9.09, 3.70, 12.5, 4.41 and 5% respectively. The current observation provides a baseline prevalence level of brucellosis in cattle and occupationally exposed human beings of Odisha. A broader investigation including small ruminants is required to elucidate the actual prevalence of the disease in the state.

Keywords

Seroprevalence, Brucellosis, RBPT, STAT, I-ELISA, MRT

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