ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

E.E. Ella , A.A. Ahmad1, W.N. Ogala2, V.J. Umoh1 and R. Aliyu-Zubair3
*Centre for Biotechnology Research and Training, A. B. U. Zaria, Nageria.
1Department of Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nageria.
2Department of Paediatrics, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Shika, Zaria, Nageria.
3Barrau Dikko Specialist Hospital Kaduna, Nageria.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2008;2(1):103-108
© The Author(s). 2008
Received: 10/02/2008 | Accepted: 18/03/2008 | Published: 30/04/2008

A total of 50 samples and patients analyzed and out of these, 13 had evidence of bacterial growth, accounting for 26% Gram positive bacteria were isolated from 5 patients representing 10% of the total samples (n = 50) and 38.46% of the isolates (n = 13). Group B-Streptococcus was isolated from one patient, (7.69%), Staphylococcus aureus was also isolated from one patient (7.69%) while the remaining three gram positive isolates were coagulase negative Staphylococcus sp. (23.08%) while the remaining 8 isolates were gram negative organisms representing a prevalence of 16% and 61.54% of the total bacterial isolates. Enterobacter sp had the highest incidence accounting for 23% Klebsiella sp and Escherichia coli were 15.38%, Citrobacter flexneri 7.69%. The incidence of septicaemia was higher in males than in females with the ratio being 3:1 80% was sensitive to Cloxacillin, 60% of the gram positive bacteria were sensitive to chloramphenicol, augmentin and amoxicillin while 40% were sensitive to gentamicin and cotrimazole. All the isolates were resistant to tetracycline and only one isolate (20%) was sensitive to erythromycin. On the other hand there was a remarked resistance to the antibiotics among the gram negative bacteria with 100% to ampicillin, cotrimazole, nalizidic acid and colistin. The sensitivity to gentamicin, nitrofurantoin, streptomycin and tetracycline was only 12.5%.


Neonatal Septicaemia, Bacterial, strains, Mortality and Morbidity

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© The Author(s) 2008. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.