ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

E.E. Ella , A.A. Ahmad1, W.N. Ogala2, V.J. Umoh1 and R. Aliyu-Zubair3
*Centre for Biotechnology Research and Training, A. B. U. Zaria, Nageria.
1Department of Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nageria.
2Department of Paediatrics, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Shika, Zaria, Nageria.
3Barrau Dikko Specialist Hospital Kaduna, Nageria.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2008;2(1):103-108
© The Author(s). 2008
Received: 10/02/2008 | Accepted: 18/03/2008 | Published: 30/04/2008
Abstract

A total of 50 samples and patients analyzed and out of these, 13 had evidence of bacterial growth, accounting for 26% Gram positive bacteria were isolated from 5 patients representing 10% of the total samples (n = 50) and 38.46% of the isolates (n = 13). Group B-Streptococcus was isolated from one patient, (7.69%), Staphylococcus aureus was also isolated from one patient (7.69%) while the remaining three gram positive isolates were coagulase negative Staphylococcus sp. (23.08%) while the remaining 8 isolates were gram negative organisms representing a prevalence of 16% and 61.54% of the total bacterial isolates. Enterobacter sp had the highest incidence accounting for 23% Klebsiella sp and Escherichia coli were 15.38%, Citrobacter flexneri 7.69%. The incidence of septicaemia was higher in males than in females with the ratio being 3:1 80% was sensitive to Cloxacillin, 60% of the gram positive bacteria were sensitive to chloramphenicol, augmentin and amoxicillin while 40% were sensitive to gentamicin and cotrimazole. All the isolates were resistant to tetracycline and only one isolate (20%) was sensitive to erythromycin. On the other hand there was a remarked resistance to the antibiotics among the gram negative bacteria with 100% to ampicillin, cotrimazole, nalizidic acid and colistin. The sensitivity to gentamicin, nitrofurantoin, streptomycin and tetracycline was only 12.5%.

Keywords

Neonatal Septicaemia, Bacterial, strains, Mortality and Morbidity

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