The aim of the present study was to isolate antagonistic actinomycetes from marine sediment collected from the Red Sea coast at Hurghada city and the Suez Gulf. A total of 16 actinomycete isolates were obtained in October 2018 and their antagonistic activities were evaluated against Aeromonas hydrophila, Vibrio damsela, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC6538, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027, Salmonella typhimurium ATCC 14028, Escherichia coli ATCC 19404 and Candida albicans ATCC 10231 by using the agar well diffusion method. Among the 16 isolates, 14 (87.5%) isolates exhibited antimicrobial activity against most of the tested pathogens. The most potent isolate was identified by 16S rRNA sequence analysis as Streptomyces sp. and designated Streptomyces sp. MK388207. The experimental design of Plackett-Burman was implemented to optimize the culture conditions for antimicrobial agent(s) production by the most powerful isolate against C. albicans ATCC 10231 when grown in starch nitrate broth and the data revealed that negative (–) levels of KNO3, K2HPO4 and pH and positive (+) levels of starch, MgSO4.7H2O, FeSO4 and incubation period supported the production of the antimicrobial agent(s). Growth under the optimized culture conditions led to a 1.4-fold rise in antimicrobial activity. The ethyl acetate extract of Streptomyces sp.MK388207 was subjected to gas-liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (GC MS) and revealed the presence of six fractions with the major component being phenol, 2,4-bis (1,1 dimethylethyl). The findings of this study suggested that the antagonistic marine Streptomyces, in particular Streptomyces sp MK388207, the antibacterial compounds produced by this isolate, could be used as antibiotics that could have future applications in the pharmaceutical industry.
Antimicrobial, Actinomycetes, Marine sediment, Optimization.
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