ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Nasser Saeed Alqahtani1 , Randah Abd Allah Elmahboub1, Faisal Saeed Al-Qahtani2, Saleh Saeed Al Jathnan Al Qahtani3, Seham Mahmoud Eldeeb4, Albatoul M. Al Margan1, Fatimah Ahmad Albaghrah1, Anwar Mana Al Sharyan1 and Aljawharh Salem M. Alyami1
1Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Najran University, Saudi Arabia.
2Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia.
3Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Najran University, Saudi Arabia.
4Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt.
Article Number: 9175 | © The Author(s). 2024
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2024;18(2):1235-1245. https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.18.2.43
Received: 07 December 2023 | Accepted: 23 March 2024 | Published online: 31 May 2024
Issue online: June 2024
Abstract

Infection prevention and control (IPC) standards have a unique role in controlling infection transmission. In Saudi Arabia, every healthcare facility is required to establish an IPC program to identify and reduce the risk of infection acquisition and transmission. This study aimed to estimate adherence to IPC measures after the COVID-19 pandemic among healthcare workers (HCWs) in Najran City, Saudi Arabia. This cross-sectional study was conducted among HCWs in Najran City during the period of May to August 2023. A self-administered questionnaire was given to HCWs consisting of three parts: demographic data, profile of healthcare facility and healthcare professional regarding infection control, and questionnaire to assess the adherence of HCWs regarding infection control measures. The study recruited 580 HCWs, of whom 57.6% were males, and 46.6% were aged between 31 and 40 years. The overall mean adherence score was 103.2±9.71 out of 150 points. Accordingly, 88.4% were classified as having moderate adherence, 10.2% were good, and only 1.4% were classified as having poor adherence. Some of the factors associated with increased adherence to IPC measures, include being female, being a nurse, being a practitioner, working in the hospital emergency department, and having a recognized antimicrobial stewardship program team/unit at a healthcare facility. There was satisfactory adherence among HCWs regarding infection prevention and control measures. Being a female, a nurse, a practitioner, working in a hospital emergency department, being a staff of a non-MOH (Ministry of Health) hospital, and having a recognized antimicrobial stewardship program team/unit were identified as significant predictors of increased adherence. IPC measures can be optimized by setting up institutional IPC teams, necessary PPE, and periodic provision of IPC training.

Keywords

Infection Prevention and Control Measures, Healthcare Workers, Adherence, Antimicrobial Stewardship, Saudi Arabia

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© The Author(s) 2024. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.