ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Kumud Ashish Singh1,2,4, Santhini S. Nair2 , Rohit Rai3 ,Satyen Kumar Panda5 and Elavarasan K5
1Department of Microbiology, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara Punjab, India.
2Department of Microbiology, Vivekanand Education Society’s College of Arts, Science & Commerce (Autonomous), Chembur, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
3Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India.
4Merck Life Science Pvt. Ltd, 8th Floor, Godrej One, Pirojshanagar, Eastern Express Highway, Vikhroli (E), Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
5ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Willingdon Island, Cochin, Kerala, India.
Article Number: 9221 | © The Author(s). 2024
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2024;18(2):1183-1195.
Received: 02 January 2024 | Accepted: 13 April 2024 | Published online: 27 May 2024
Issue online: June 2024

Protein hydrolysates are composed of peptones and peptides, and their type depends on the biological source and manufacturing process. We studied the survival response of Salmonella enterica in the presence of casein, soy protein, and fish protein hydrolysates at refrigeration and freezing temperatures. Fish protein hydrolysate (FPH) was identified as the only capable hydrolysate of sustaining the viability of S. enterica for 60 days at refrigeration temperatures. None of the three hydrolysates were able to impart cryoprotection to S. enterica under freezing conditions. The survival rate of S. enterica in FPH was further enhanced by growing the inoculum on agar instead of broth. An optimization study using response surface methodology was also conducted to identify suitable concentrations of protein hydrolysates capable of maximizing the survival of S. enterica. The results of this study can be used to manage Salmonella-related food safety incidents by replacing animal-sourced with plant-sourced protein hydrolysates at the recipe development stage, as well as the use of FPH in microbiological growth media and the formulation of secondary reference materials. These results indicate that FPH produced by enzymatic hydrolysis of Stolephorus indicus at lower concentrations (5%) can serve as nutritive agents in culture media, contribute to long-term preservation, and can be used in the formulation of quantitative reference materials for Salmonella.


Protein Hydrolysate, Survival Study, Food Governance, Food Security

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© The Author(s) 2024. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.