ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Review Article | Open Access
Shweta Sharma1, Manik Sharma1 , Ajay Kumar2 , Amit Vashisht3, Moyad Shahwan4,5 and Hardeep Singh Tuli6
1Department of Biotechnology, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Mohali, Punjab, India.
2University Center for Research & Development (UCRD), Biotechnology Engineering & Food Technology, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Mohali, Punjab, India.
3Department of Science and Humanities, SRM Institute of Science & Technology, Delhi-NCR, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
4Department of Clinical Sciences , College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Ajman University, Ajman, 346 United Arab Emirates.
5Centre of Medical and Bio-Allied Health Sciences Research, Ajman University, Ajman, 346, United Arab Emirates.
6Department of Bio-Sciences and Technology, Maharishi Markandeshwar Engineering College, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana-Ambala, Haryana, India.
Article Number: 8785 | © The Author(s). 2024
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2024;18(1):144-167.
Received: 15 June 2023 | Accepted: 04 September 2023 | Published online: 03 March 2024
Issue online: March 2024

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a prominent pathogenic, antibiotic-resistant microorganism that contains a variety of virulent characteristics having the capacity to develop tolerance to several major classes of antibiotics. The ongoing creation of clones enhances this potential, transforming S. aureus into an “Anti-Infective.” MRSA has started to rise as a Hospital-Acquired MRSA, but due to evolution, new strains of MRSA have been discovered throughout the past several years. The new strains of MRSA as Community-Acquired MRSA, and Livestock-Associated MRSA are infecting the patients despite preexisting medical conditions, being as susceptible to any treatment. The continuous expansion of MRSA is still ongoing. The main goal of this article is to improve reading comprehension of MRSA by studying the prominent classes of antibiotics and their mechanism of resistance which are now susceptible or getting susceptible to the MRSA.


Antibiotic-resistant, Anti-effective, MRSA, Pathogenic, Staphylococcus aureus

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© The Author(s) 2024. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.