ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Review Article | Open Access
Bibhuti Panda1, Prasana Kumar Rath2 , Bidyut Prava Mishra3,
Jyotiprabha Mishra4, Biswadeep Jena5, Pragnya Smita Mishra2, Ankita Chakraborty2, Debasish Hota2 and Manoj Kumar Jena6
1Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technlogy (OUAT), Bhubaneswar-3, Odisha, India.
2Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technlogy (OUAT), Bhubaneswar-3, Odisha, India.
3Department of Livestock Products Technology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technlogy (OUAT), Bhubaneswar-3, Odisha, India.
4Division of Livestock Products Technology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.
5Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technlogy (OUAT), Bhubaneswar-3, Odisha, India.
6School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Punjab, India.
Article Number: 8949 | © The Author(s). 2024
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2024;18(1):1-15. https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.18.1.42
Received: 27 August 2023 | Accepted: 09 February 2024 | Published online: 29 February 2024
Issue online: March 2024
Abstract

Antibiotics are an essential part of modern healthcare, revolutionizing medicine and saving countless lives worldwide. However, the emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing concern, with the potential to cause a public health crisis in the future. The aim of this review article is to provide an overview of the microbial and anthropogenic factors contributing to AMR, as well as the consequences of inaction to address the AMR crisis. We searched various international databases such as PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect and Google Scholar using “Antimicrobial Resistance”,” Superbug”, “Antibiotic Stewardship”, “One Health’ and “Surveillance” as search keywords in different combinations. We have thoroughly discussed the causes of AMR, such as the overuse and misuse of antibiotics, and the development of resistant strains of bacteria. We have also suggested possible interventions to combat AMR, such as the one health approach, antibiotic stewardship protocols, and the application of artificial intelligence in drug design. Additionally, we have explored the benefits of traditional ethnic medicinal practices in therapy. In conclusion, this review article emphasized the urgent need for a comprehensive and strategic plan to address the issue of AMR. Further in-depth research and novel approaches can mitigate the growing menace of AMR and safeguard both human and animal populations.

Keywords

Antimicrobial Resistance, Health Care, Antibiotics, Superbug, Surveillance

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© The Author(s) 2024. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.