ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Radhika Kishor Madalgi1 , Sughosh Kulkarni2, Ganavalli Subramanya Ajantha2, Shylaja Ramlal3, Shruthi Aradhya3 and R.D. Kulkarni2
1Department of Applied Genetics, Karnatak University, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
2Department of Microbiology, SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara (SDM) University, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
3Department of Microbiology, Defence Food Research Laboratory, Siddarthanagar, Mysore, Karnataka, India.
Article Number: 9023 | © The Author(s). 2024
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2024;18(1):211-218.
Received: 27 September 2023 | Accepted: 17 December 2023 | Published online: 22 January 2024
Issue online: March 2024

We aimed to develop a multiplex PCR (mPCR) assay utilizing the afaC gene for the detection of DAEC pathotypes and the blaTEM gene for the identification of ESBL production in clinical E. coli isolates along with an Internal Amplification Control (IAC) to rule out false negative test results. Monoplex PCR assays were first established for the afaC gene and blaTEM gene using 60 characterized E. coli isolates from various clinical samples. Subsequently, an mPCR assay was designed to detect both the genes simultaneously along with an IAC to rule out false negative reactions. The effectiveness of this assay was validated using 80 additional clinical isolates. The overall occurrence of DAEC in the study was found to be 0.7% (1/140). ESBL production was detected in 40.7% of the tested isolates, indicating a concerning prevalence of drug-resistant strains. This study emphasizes the value of an in-house mPCR assay as a crucial tool for simultaneously identifying DAEC and ESBL E. coli strains. The inclusion of an IAC in the PCR protocol bolstered the assay’s reliability. This innovation offers a vital resource for effective infection management and contributes to the comprehension of pathogenicity and resistance mechanisms in clinical E. coli isolates.


Diffusely Adherent Escherichia coli (DAEC), Extended Spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL), Internal Amplification Control (IAC), multiplex PCR (mPCR), afaC gene, blaTEM gene

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© The Author(s) 2024. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.