ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Pellakuru Preethi1, Murali Narasimhan1, Maheswary Datchanamoorthy2 , Hemamalini2, Muthu Bharathi1 and Leela Kakithakara Vajravelu2
1Department of Dermatology, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur 603203, Chengalpattu, Tamilnadu, India.
2Department of Microbiology, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, SRM Institute of Science & Technology, Kattankulathur, Chengalpattu, Tamilnadu, India.
Article Number: 8452 | © The Author(s). 2023
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2023;17(4):2591-2597. https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.17.4.58
Received: 23 January 2023 | Accepted: 23 August 2023 | Published online: 02 December 2023
Issue online: December 2023
Abstract

The prevalence of Dermatophytosis is similar in several continents of the Asian country. The varied state of weather is favourable for mycosis that may lead to various clinical symptoms and infection spreads speedily if left untreated with time. The aim of the present study is to determine the clinical and mycological pattern of dermatophyte infections in patients arriving at our dermatology outpatient department and also to correlate the formal clinical diagnosis with KOH positivity and culture positivity. This descriptive observational study was conducted among 300 patients presenting with dermatophyte infections who came to the dermatology outpatient Department of SRM Medical College and research centre, Kattankulathur, Chengalpattu. The clinical specimens were put through direct microscopy by Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) mount and with the culture on Sabouraud’s Dextrose Agar (SDA). The study showed males were affected mostly and most of the participants were students. The common symptoms observed were Itching, Scaling and Discolouration. Commonly, patients had a primary diagnosis of Tinea corporis infection followed by T. cruris. Trichophyton mentagrophytes were the commonly isolated organism followed by Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton violaceum. This study indicates the need for personal hygiene and the disadvantage of as only few participants had zoophilic infections of Tinea species. These methods of diagnosing and identification will further aid in better patients management.

Keywords

Tinea cruris, Tinea corporis, Trichophyton Mentagrophytes, Dermatophytic Infections

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© The Author(s) 2023. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.