The present study focusses on proving the biosurfactant activity of the 7 isolated bacterial strains. Plants could not absorb enough nutrients as a result of contamination in the soil. This contaminants can be chemical pollutants or oil spillage. By considering the earlier potential applications of biosurfactants, this research was aimed to prove the role of a plant probiotic bacteria as oil degrading bacteria. In order to prove this approach, many screening methods were performed such as drop collapse, oil spreading (mm), emulsification stability testing by calculating emulsification index (E24%), penetration assay etc. Among the 7 selected isolates, isolate KL-015 have shown positive results with all the biosurfactant screening analysis. A unique role was proven by KL-011 isolate as it has shown a high oil degrading zone, i.e., 0.6 mm in diameter as well as the formation of more foam layer or emulsified layer with the emulsification index of 17.39% which indicates its role in having a biosurfactant molecule within it.
Biosurfactant, Oil Spillage, Drop Collapse, Oil Spreading, Emulsification Index, Penetration Assay
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