ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Review Article | Open Access
Nikhil Nath1, Kuldeep Dhama2 and Talha Bin Emran3,4
1Department of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Chittagong, Chittagong 4318, Bangladesh.
2Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.
3Department of Pharmacy, BGC Trust University Bangladesh, Chittagong, 4381, Bangladesh.
4Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Daffodil International University, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.
Article Number: 8275 | © The Author(s). 2022
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(suppl 1):3062-3071.
Received: 29 November 2022 | Accepted: 25 December 2022 | Published online: 27 December 2022
Issue online: 30 December 2022

Infection with the monkeypox virus is more prevalent among genus Funisciurus squirrels, less prevalent among genus Heliosurus squirrels, and rare among forest monkeys. These squirrels inhabit secondary woods close to human settlements in rural Zaire, particularly where oil palm is cultivated. In Prime Rain Forest, they are in short supply. The monkeypox virus often affects children between the ages of 5 and 9, particularly in rural settings where children hunt and consume squirrels and other small animals. Animal husbandry will minimize the danger and occurrence of human monkeypox, even in areas where the virus has spread to squirrels, as the human population grows and relies primarily on animals for animal protein. Population expansion and economic development in West and Central Africa may lessen the danger of monkeypox infection in people, but visitors who interact with animals should be vaccinated against smallpox. The spread of monkeypox can be stopped by measures such as post-exposure vaccination, contact tracing, case identification, and isolation of infectious patients. The recent monkeypox incidence is of further concern in light of the current COVID-19 pandemic.


Monkeypox, History, Epidemiology, Threat Assessment, Management Strategies

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