ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Anek Pootong1 , Chanida Chumphon1, Ploirung Jangjaibun1, Narissara Mungkornkeaw2 and Benja Norrapong1
1Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Thammasat University, 99 Moo 18, Klong Nueng, Klong Luang, Pathum Thani, 12120, Thailand.
2Bacteriology Unit, Medical Technology Laboratory, Thammasat University Hospital, Thammasat University, 99 Moo 18, Klong Nueng, Klong Luang, Pathum Thani, 12120, Thailand.
Article Number: 7790 | © The Author(s). 2022
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(4):2802-2809. https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.16.4.53
Received: 25 April 2022 | Accepted: 02 September 2022 | Published online: 17 November 2022
Issue online: December 2022
Abstract

Candida albicans is the most common fungal pathogen in humans. Antimicrobial resistance in C. albicans is increasingly reported. The antifungal activity of eugenol against clinically relevant fungi including C. albicans has been recently described. In this study, the antifungal effects of eugenol on major virulence factors of C. albicans were evaluated. C. albicans isolates were exposed to sub-MIC of eugenol. The crystal violet-based method was used to quantify the germ tube formation. Extracellular enzymatic activity (proteinase, phospholipase, and lipase) was determined using the agar plate test. The adhesion to buccal epithelial cells was monitored microscopically. Our result showed that eugenol possesses fungicidal activity against C. albicans. At sub-inhibitory doses, eugenol significantly suppressed germ tube formation and cell adhesion of C. albicans (p<0.05). However, the enzymatic activity of yeast cells exposed to eugenol was slightly reduced. Our data indicate the inhibitory effect of eugenol on the growth and the pathogenicity of C. albicans in terms of germ tube formation and adhesion.

Keywords

Eugenol, Germ Tube Formation, Hydrolytic Enzymes, Adhesion, Candida albicans

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