ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Kishwar Sultana1, Bashir Ahmad1, Zakia Ahmad2, Abdur Rauf3, Yahya S. Al-Awthan4,5, Omar Bahattab4, Sami Bawazeer6, Aishma Khattak7 and Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan8
1Centre of Biotechnology & Microbiology, University of Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan.
2Department of Botany, Women Campus, University of Swat, KPK, Pakistan.
3Department of Chemistry, University of Swabi, Swabi, Anabr, KPK, Pakistan.
4Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Tabuk, Tabuk 71421, Saudi Arabia.
5Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ibb University, Ibb 70270, Yemen.
6Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, P.O. Box 42, Saudi Arabia.
7Department of Bioinformatics, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
8Department of Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
Article Number: 7843 | © The Author(s). 2022
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(4):2747-2755.
Received: 15 May 2022 | Accepted: 17 October 2022 | Published online: 14 November 2022
Issue online: December 2022

This current study investigates the biological efficiency of essential oils extracted from Bistorta affinis and Malcolmia cabulica on human and foodborne pathogens as well as against insects and termites. The oils were obtained by steam distillation using a Clevenger-type system and analyzed for their constituents using GC-MS. Twenty compounds were identified, wherein carvacrol and thymol were the main constituents in both plants. Essential oils exhibited significant activity against all tested foodborne bacteria, fungi, and other pathogens. In addition, essential oils from both plants have shown promising activity against all tested insects, which is a positive sign of being used as an insect repellent. In contrast, no activity was observed against termites. The bioactivities are mainly due to carvacrol and thymol’s levels in the essential oils that known for their effectiveness against foodborne pathogens and pests. The present study constitutes a basis for further investigation and development of bioactive compounds in Bistorta affinis and Malcolmia cabulica.


Carvacrol, Thymol, GC-MS, Biological Activities, Insecticidal Activity, Antifungal Activity

Article Metrics

Article View: 110

Share This Article

© The Author(s) 2022. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.