ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Vrushali Wagh1, Hirvitaben Patel1, Nafisa Patel1, Koteswara Rao Vamkudoth2 and Shanthipriya Ajmera3
1Department of Microbiology, Naran Lala College of Professional and Applied Sciences, Navsari, Gujarat, India.
2Biochemical Sciences Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India.
3Department of Microbiology, Palamuru University, Mahabubnagar, Telangana, India.
Article Number: 7923 | © The Author(s). 2022
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(4):2724-2737.
Received: 20 June 2022 | Accepted: 08 August 2022 | Published online: 14 November 2022
Issue online: December 2022

Pectinases (EC are a class of enzymes that catalyze the depolymerization or de-esterification reactions that degrade pectic substances. In the present study, we have isolated the Aspergillus niger strain from soil samples, in India and evaluated pectinase production. The highest pectinase producing A. niger strain was further evaluated and optimized with various agricultural wastes. Plackett-Burman design (PBD) and Central composite design ‘(CCD)’ were used to determine the best parameters for maximum pectinase production. Pectinase activity was increased to 99.21 U/ml after optimizing the production medium using PBD and CCD statistical analysis. A positive correlation of pectinase activity between predicted (112.65 U/ml) and experimental (99.21 U/ml with SD=0.005) optimum was observed. Maximum pectinase was produced by A. niger under submerged fermentation, utilizing orange peel, which is a cost-effective, adaptable, and environmentally friendly approach. The partially purified pectinase showed significant application for apple juice clarification and showed the ability to degrade pectin and therefore the colour change was observed in apple juice within 120 min. Maximum pectinase was produced by A. niger using agricultural waste orange peel under submerged fermentation which is an economical, versatile and eco-friendly process and pectinase showed a significant application for apple juice clarification.


Plackett-Burman Design (PBD), Central Composite Design (CCD), Orange Peel, Pectin, Pectinase

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© The Author(s) 2022. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.