ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Review Article | Open Access

Anusha Gopinathan , Shweta Sagar Naik, D. Maheswary,Sujith Ravi and K.V. Leela

Department of Microbiology, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur, Kanchipuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Article Number: 7712 | © The Author(s). 2022
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(4):2317-2323.
Received: 22 March 2022 | Accepted: 05 September 2022 | Published online: 06 October 2022
Issue online: December 2022

Every country had to make several difficult decisions in the initial phase of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic to allocate resources for COVID testing. Decisions on who should be tested for COVID-19 testing are extremely vital for pandemic preparedness. In this article, we highlight the need for prioritization of testing resources including direct-to-consumer testing methods, ethical dilemmas involved in obligatory testing, and testing of refugees and immigrants.


Mandatory Testing, Coronavirus, Ethics, Immigrants, Direct to Consumer Testing, Health Democracy, Autonomy

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© The Author(s) 2022. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.