ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Cheng Cheng1, Gonghao Wang1, Darong Cheng1,2 , Ming Liu3, Shengmin Zhu1, Xiaofang Chen1 and Jianping Tao1,2
1College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225009, China.
2Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225009, China.
3Xilai Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station, Taizhou, Jiangsu 214516, China.
Article Number: 7925 | © The Author(s). 2022
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(3):2151-2164. https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.16.3.73
Received: 21 June 2022 | Accepted: 03 August 2022 | Published online: 30 August 2022
Issue online: September 2022
Abstract

The risk of zoonosis transmission when handling livestock or animal products is substantial, ‘One Health’ interventions should be an effective strategy for the control of many zoonotic bacteria. In this study, 26 fresh fecal samples from 2 clinically healthy goats were collected at different day ages to survey goat-borne zoonotic bacterial infection, and 19 fresh fecal samples from diarrhetic goats were tested to evaluate the possible role of zoonotic pathogens in goat diarrhea. Following all samples were analyzed by Metagenomic Sequencing, a total of 20 kinds of zoonotic bacteria were screened from healthy goats, and 11 (55%) of them were infection mainly during the preweaned period. Of the 19 fresh fecal samples from diarrhetic goats, all were confirmed to be zoonotic bacterial infection positive (range from 11 to 12 species). After comparison with healthy samples of the same or similar day-age goats, it was found that Lactococcus garvieae, Helicobacter pylori, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Shigella sonnei, Shigella boydii, Campylobacter coli, Salmonella enterica, Acinetobacter baumannii, Shigella flexneri, Shigella dysenteriae and Clostridium perfringens and Campylobacter fetus were highly increased incases in some diarrheic cases, while the remains had no significant change. The results suggest that goats may act as a reservoir for many zoonotic bacteria, and some of them may be associated with goat intestinal inflammation.

Keywords

Goat, Zoonotic, Bacterium, Infection, Reservoir

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