ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
R. Bindu Madhavi, D. Anitha and P.M. Beena
Department of Microbiology, SDUMC, SDUAHER, Tamaka, Kolar – 563 102, Karnataka, India.
Article Number: 7364 | © The Author(s). 2022
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(3):2066-2071. https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.16.3.61
Received: 09 October 2021 | Accepted: 07 July 2022 | Published online: 27 August 2022
Issue online: September 2022
Abstract

Acinetobacter infection with multidrug resistant strains is an emerging infection of global concern as it leads to serious disease. They are also important pathogens causing hospital acquired infections. Information on the prevalence, spectrum of illness and antibiotic sensitivity pattern of Acinetobacter is important for appropriate management of patients. We aimed to determine the prevalence of Acinetobacter species and evaluate the clinical profile and antibiotic sensitivity pattern of Acinetobacter species from various clinical samples. From October 2018 to September 2019, various clinical samples received in the microbiology laboratory were studied from the electronic records and the data on the isolation of Acinetobacter from these samples and its antibiotic sensitivity pattern was collected and analysed. The clinical data was also collected to determine the clinical spectrum. The prevalence of Acinetobacter species from various clinical samples was found to be 8.9%. Isolates were more common in general wards than in ICUs. The Acinetobacter infections occurred significantly in male patients (65.7%) than in female patients (34.3%), with male: female ratio of 1.9:1. The most common infection caused by Acinetobacter species was Wound infection (54.36%) followed by Respiratory tract infection (34.27%). Multidrug resistance was seen in 75 % of the isolates. Significant prevalence of multidrug resistant Acinetobacter infections was noted in our study. The findings emphasize the need for strict hospital infection control practices and the restricted use of antibiotics to prevent the occurrence of these infections.

Keywords

Acinetobacter Species, Multidrug Resistant Organisms, Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern

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