ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Mini Review | Open Access
Sanjib Kalita1, Anindita Sarma1, Ankur Hazarika2 , Satarupa Hazarika3, Saranga Pani Saikia4 and Dibyajyoti Kalita4
1Department of Botany, Gauhati University, Guwahati – 781 014, Assam, India.
2Department of Zoology, Gauhati University, Guwahati – 781 014, Assam, India.
3Handique Girls’ College, Guwahati – 781 001, Assam, India.
4Department of Zoology, Assam Don Bosco University, Sonapur – 782 402, Assam, India.
Article Number: 7730 | © The Author(s). 2022
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(3):1608-1621. https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.16.3.57
Received: 31 March 2022 | Accepted: 25 July 2022 | Published online: 24 August 2022
Issue online: September 2022
Abstract

Human beings are affected by different diseases and suffer to different extents. Cancer is one of the major human disease and millions of people suffered from cancer and end their lives every year. Peoples are dependent on herbal medicines since prehistoric time especially from developing countries. It is very common to have different side effects of modern synthetic medicines; hence now-a-days importance of herbal medicines due to no or least side effects increases all parts of the world. But the major problems of using herbal medicines are that plants can produce very limited amount of medicinally important bioactive metabolites and they have very long growth periods. Therefore endophytes are the excellent alternative of plant derived metabolites. Endophytic microbes can synthesize exactly same type of metabolites as the plant produces. North East India is a treasure of plant resources; various types of medicinal plants are present in this region. Different types of indigenous tribes are inhabited in this region who used different plants in traditional system for treating various disease. But with increasing demand it is sometimes not sufficient to manage the demand of medicines, therefore for massive production endophytic study is crucial. In spite of having huge plant resources very limited endophytic studies are observed in this region. In this review, we studied different plants with their endophytes of NE India showing anticancer properties.

Keywords

Medicinal Plants, Anticancer Agent, Secondary Metabolites, Endophytes

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