ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Ghazala Begum1, Ghulam Dastagir1, Abdur Rauf2 , Sami Bawazeer3, Saima Naz4, Prabhakar Semwal5, Imtiaz Ali Khan6, Yahya S. Al-Awthan7,8, Omar Bahattab7, Mohammed A. Al-Duais9,10 and Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan11
1Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
2Department of Chemistry, University of Swabi, Anbar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
3Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
4Department of Biotechnology Bacha Khan University Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
5Department of Life Sciences, Graphic Era (Deemed to be University), Dehradun – 248 002, Uttarakhand, India.
6Department of Agriculture, University of Swabi, Anbar, 23561, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
7Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Saudia Arabia.
8Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ibb University, Ibb, Yemen.
9Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Saudia Arabia.
10Biochemistry Unit, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Ibb University, Ibb, Yemen.
11Department of Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, P.O. Box 7067, Makkah 21955, Saudi Arabia.
Article Number: 7568 | © The Author(s). 2022
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(3):1826-1833. https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.16.3.27
Received: 22 February 2022 | Accepted: 25 June 2022 | Published online: 03 August 2022
Issue online: September 2022
Abstract

Congress grass (Parthenium hysterophorus L., family Asteraceae) is found generally in agricultural and vacant lands across the globe. This study investigated the fatty acids and elemental profiles of different parts including roots, stem and leaves of P. hysterophorus in the response to seasonal variation. The elemental analysis and fatty acid were determined in both the winter and summer seasons.  The root, stem, and leaves powder were subjected to extraction with acetone, water, chloroform, diethyl ether, ethanol, methanol, and n-hexane to measure the extractive values. Among all the plant parts, leaves recorded the highest extractive value of 29%, and 28% with acetone and diethyl ether, respectively, while the root recorded the lowest (10.3%) extractive value with chloroform. Higher concentrations of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids were detected in all the plant parts in the winter collection than in the summer season. Parthenium hysterophorus is multi medicinal applications such as used for rheumatic pain, urinary tract infections, inflammation, diarrhea, neuralgia, and malaria. The study highlights the importance of collection time (seasons) of different parts of P. hysterophorus for the maximum extraction of both elements and fatty acids either saturated or unsaturated from the pharmacogenetic point of view.

Keywords

Gajar Ghaas, Asteraceae, Elemental Analysis, Medicinal Plants, Fatty Acid

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© The Author(s) 2022. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.