ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Oscar Herrera-Calderon1 , Josefa Bertha Pari-Olarte2, Luz Josefina Chacaltana-Ramos2, Jose Santiago Almeida-Galindo3, Vidalina Andia-Ayme4, Gilmar Peña-Rojas5, Jorge Luis-Arroyo-Acevedo6 and Eddie Loyola-Gonzales7
1Department of Pharmacology, Bromatology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru.
2Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, Universidad Nacional San Luis Gonzaga, Ica, Peru.
3Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Human Medicine, Universidad Nacional San Luis Gonzaga, Ica; Peru.
4Food Microbiology Laboratory, Biological Sciences Faculty, Universidad Nacional de San  Cristóbal de Huamanga, Portal Independencia 57, Ayacucho 05003, Peru.
5Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Biological Sciences Faculty, Universidad Nacional de San Cristobal de Huamanga, Portal Independencia 57, Ayacucho 05003, Peru.
6Department of Dynamic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru.
7Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, Universidad Nacional San Luis Gonzaga, Ica, Peru.
Article Number: 7749 | © The Author(s). 2022
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(3):1743-1754. https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.16.3.15
Received: 09 April 2022 | Accepted: 19 May 2022 | Published online: 16 July 2022
Issue online: September 2022
Abstract

Dodonaea viscosa Jacq is known as “chamana” in the popular flora of Peru. The traditional medicine uses its leaves as ingredient in fermented beverages from Zea mays and also in external uses for anti-inflammatory diseases. The aim was to study the role of dodonic acid against several protein targets of S. aureus. This study was focused on to analyse the role of dodonic acid against S. aureus target proteins such as on Sortase-A, DNA gyrase, dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), clumping factor, dehydrosqualene synthase, and undecaprenyl di-phosphate synthase as a promising candidate molecule. The docking analysis of dodonic acid showed the best docking score energy on S. aureus undecaprenyl diphosphate synthase with -11.2 kcal/mol and demonstrated to be a very stable molecule at physiological conditions during the molecular dynamic for 50 ns. As conclusion, the extract demonstrated to be active against S. aureus and dodonic acid might be a promising molecule acting on the S. aureus undecaprenyl diphosphate synthase.

Keywords

Dodoviscin, antibacterial, docking analysis, molecular dynamic, medicinal plants, in-silico

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