ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Birasen Behera1, Monalisa Debbarma1, Bidyutprava Rout1, Purabi Baral1, Suren Das2, Lipika Jena1 and Rajashree Panigrahy1
1Department of Microbiology, Institute of Medical Sciences & SUM Hospital, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be) University, Bhubaneswar – 751 003, Odhisa, India.
2Department of Urology, Institute of Medical Sciences & SUM Hospital, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be) University, Bhubaneswar – 751 003, Odhisa, India.
Article Number: 7546 | © The Author(s). 2022
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(3):1682-1688.
Received: 04 January 2022 | Accepted: 18 May 2022 | Published online: 07 July 2022
Issue online: September 2022

Urinary tract infection (UTI) in the community is a common infection in humans. The causative microorganisms for UTIs may vary in different places and also vary in their antibiotic sensitivity and resistant patterns. This study aimed to find out the incidence of gram-negative bacteria along with their antibiotic sensitivity pattern in community-acquired UTIs and to calculate the existence of Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) positivity among them. A Sum of 515 urine samples was tested and the causative organisms were identified. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were executed where it had shown growth for bacteria by both manual and automated methods. ESBL tests were performed to identify ESBL-producing isolates. From a total of 515 samples, 65 (12.65%) were culture positive for UTIs. The rate of infection was higher in females than in males. The most prevailing bacteria were Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Out of total culture-positive isolates, only 43.08% were ESBL positives. The study found that the organisms displayed resistance to Ciprofloxacin and Cefixime and sensitivity to Gentamicin, Ertapenem, and Nitrofurantoin. Females have a higher prevalence of UTIs than males. Mostly, females suffer from UTIs in their reproductive years whereas males suffer in their old age. The prevalence of gram-negative bacteria is higher in community-acquired UTIs. These pathogens though present in the community, becoming resistant to commonly used antibiotics like Ciprofloxacin and Cefixime because of overuse and misuse of antibiotics at the community level.


ESBL, UTI, Gram-negative Bacteria, Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern

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© The Author(s) 2022. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.