ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Rashid Rahim Hateet1 , Shaima Rabeea Banoon1 and Muhanad Mahdi Mohammed2
1Department of Biology, College of Sciences, University of Misan, Amarah, Maysan, Iraq.
2Al-Manara College for Medical Sciences, Maysan, Iraq.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(2):1384-1391 | Article Number: 7187 | © The Author(s). 2022
Received: 17/07/2021 | Accepted: 23/05/2022 | Published online: 01/06/2022
Issue online: June 2022

This study examined 150 ear swab samples from patients with otitis media who consulted at Al-Sadr Teaching Hospital from January to April 2021 in Misan, Iraq. The participants were aged 14–50 years, among which the infection rate was highest in participants aged 14–22 years and lowest in those aged 40–50 years. Subsequently, bacterial isolates were identified based on their morphology in various culture media and using biochemical tests. Six bacterial species were identified, namely Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Staphylococcus aureus had the highest infection rate (30%), whereas Staphylococcus epidermidis had the lowest infection rate (8.55%). When the sensitivity of each isolate to antibiotics was determined, Escherichia coli was the most sensitive to trimethoprim (TMP), whereas Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most resistant to 75% of the tested antibiotics.


Otitis Media, Pathogenic bacteria, Antibiotic resistance

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© The Author(s) 2022. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.