North-East Indian Himalayan Region has a humid subtropical climate having diverse ecosystems. The majority of the population of the region depends on agriculture for sustainable livelihood. However, it can produce only 1.5% of the country’s food grains, thereby importing from other parts of the country for consumption. To feed the increase in the population of the region, there is an urgent need to augment the agricultural and allied products to sustain the population and uplift the economic conditions. Plant beneficial endophytes isolated from ethnomedicinal plants of North-East India play an important role as a plant growth promoter by the production of phytohormones, solubilization and mobilization of mineral nutrients. It also indirectly promotes growth by protecting the plants from diseases through the production of antibiotics, enzymes and volatile compounds. The bacteria also have the potential to induce systemic resistance against various abiotic stresses. Since the region has various agro-climatic conditions, the plants are continuously affected by abiotic stress particularly, acidity, drought and waterlogging, there is a need to explore the indigenous endophytes that can mitigate the stress and enhance the sustainable development of agricultural products.
Medicinal plants, endophytic bacteria, antifungal, plant growth promotion, abiotic stress
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