Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a significant public health concern on a global scale. Quick and precise identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) in symptomatic patients is pivotal for worldwide TB eradication initiatives. As an infectious disorder induced by MTB, it remains a critical threat to public health, particularly in poor countries, due to an inadequate diagnostic research laboratory. There is a need for a persistent incentive to reduce response time for effective diagnosis and control of TB infection, which is a benefit that molecular techniques provide over traditional methods. Although there is a tremendous overall prevalence of TB and a relatively poor probability of case identification worldwide. Common screening techniques have focused on tests that have many fundamental shortcomings. Due to the development of antibiotic-resistant Mycobacterium strains, TB is one of the leading contributors to fatalities. It is now possible to examine TB using molecular detection techniques, which are faster and more cost-effective than previous methods, such as standard culture procedures to test and verify antibiotic resistance in patients with TB. Whole genome sequencing (WGS), faster nucleic acid amplification tests, has made it easier to diagnose and treat TB more quickly. This article addresses the genetic approaches for detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) in clinical specimens as well as antibiotic resistance in mycobacterium and discusses the practical limitations of using these methods.
Nucleic acid amplification test, tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC), diagnosis of tuberculosis, Molecular Identification
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