ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Kiran Yadav1, Preeti Verma2, Prakash Kumar Mishra3, Suresh Kumar Yadav4 and Sanjeev Kumar Tripathi1
1Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Kannauj – 209 732, Uttar Pradesh, India.
2Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Kannauj – 209 732, Uttar Pradesh, India.
3Deptartment of Microbiology, Jan Nayak Karpuri Thakur Medical College, Madhephura – 852128, Bihar, India.
4Department of Pediatrics, Hind Institute of Medical Sciences, Atariya, Sitapur – 261 303, Uttar Pradesh, India.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(1):435-440 | Article Number: 7305
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.16.1.40 | © The Author(s). 2022
Received: 12/09/2021 | Accepted: 12/01/2022 | Published online: 21/02/2022
Issue online: March 2022
Abstract

Sexually transmitted infections (STI) associated with pregnancy poses a great threat to fetal well being due to vertical transmission. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus, HIV and syphilis infection in pregnant women. This retrospective study was conducted in Microbiology department over a period of one year from December 2018 to December 2019 at a tertiary care teaching hospital, Uttar Pradesh, India. In this study, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), antibodies against hepatitis C virus, HIV and syphilis infection were detected in antenatal women. Total 4037 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic were enrolled in this study. The seroprevalence of HBV was 1.34% (54/4037), HCV was 0.52% (21/4037), syphilis was 0.07% (3/4037), and HIV was 0.12% (5/4037). Only one patient had coinfection of HBV and HCV. Regular antenatal screening of all pregnant females for various infections should be done for proper and timely intervention.

Keywords

Antenatal clinic, Pregnancy, Sexually transmitted infections, Treponema Pallidum

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