ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Jyoti Ranjan Mohanty1,2, Alisha Pradhan3, Sunita Jena4, Bijaya Kumar Padhi5, Padmalaya Das6 and Dhananjay Soren1,2
1Department of Zoology, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack – 753 003, Odisha, India.
2Centre for Excellence in Environment and Public Health, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack -753 003, Odisha, India.
3National Health Mission, Annex Building, State Institute of Health and Family Welfare, Unit-8, Bhubaneswar-751012, India.
4All India Institute of Medical Science, Bhubaneswar – 751 019, Odisha, India.
5Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh – 160 012, India.
6School of Biological Sciences, AIPH University, Bhubaneswar – 752 101, Odisha, India.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2022;16(1):296-304 | Article Number: 7250
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.16.1.18 | © The Author(s). 2022
Received: 15/08/2021 | Accepted: 13/12/2021 | Published online: 05/02/2022
Issue online: March 2022
Abstract

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most delicate health problem affecting women with severe complications and the rising antimicrobial resistance exerts a massive influence in treating UTIs. The objectives of this study was to identify the uropathogens causing UTI in non-pregnant women and their antibiotic resistance pattern. The study was undertaken in the outpatient department (OPD) of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Capital Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha during April 2015 to March 2016. A total of 766 midstream urine samples (MSU) was collected from women of different age. Out of 766 urine samples, 323 (42.1%) samples were culture positive for UTI with prominent bacteriuria. E.coli was found to be the most common isolate (54.79 %) followed by Staphylococcus sp. (22.6%), Enterobacter sp. (17.64%) and Klebsiella sp. (4.95%). Amongst various clinical symptoms, burning and itching during urination was found to be the most common (69.97%) symptoms followed by abnormal discharge of the vagina (45.20%) and the presence of cloudy urine (24.46%). E.coli the most predominant uropathogen identified was found to be highly susceptible towards a low level of resistance towards nitrofurantoin (11.8%) followed by amikacin (20.03%) and gentamicin (22.0%). Our study revealed that E. coli isolates were the predominant uropathogens and showed escalating model of resistance to the general available antimicrobial agents which are frequently used by the physicians in hospitals and private practice.

Keywords

Urinary Tract Infections, Antibiotic resistance, Uropathogens, Bacteriuria, Anti Microbial agents

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© The Author(s) 2022. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.